Treatment of Myocardial Infarction by Stem Cell Based Therapy
Purpose: Recently myocardial infarction is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Myocardial infarction leads to the serious consequences which cause increase in mortality and morbidity. In myocardial infarction there is permanent loss of cardiomyocytes which results an irreversible loss of cardiac function. Cardiac repair requires the replacement, restoration and regeneration of heart function. Conventional therapies such as revascularization, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) prevent the additional damage to heart muscle and also reduce the risk of future heart attack. However, there is need to develop a new therapy to improve the infracted area after the myocardial infarction and also to lower the mortality rate.
Approaches: The data were collected from various sources like journal articles, internet, textbooks, related materials in library and databases such as Pubmed, Science Direct, Springer, Google Scholar and so on.
Findings: Stem cell-based therapy is found to be a much more promising therapy when compared to other available therapies. Stem cells therapy shows significantly improved heart function after myocardial infarction, therefore decline into heart failure.
Conclusion: Recently the interest is stem cell based therapies which provide the potential benefit and have ability to improve the cardiac function. In this review, we highlight the benefits of stem cells in cardiac repair.
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